The General Services Administration first published their blast/security design criteria, Draft GSA Security Design Criteria, in 1998. Before this document was finalized, the Interagency Security Committee (ISC) was established and the GSA document was updated and published as the Interagency Security Committee Security Design Criteria for New Federal Office Buildings and Major Modernization Projects in May 2001.
The ISC document provides design vehicle weights and velocities but does not prescribe testing requirements, kinetic energy, or certification requirements. ISC vehicle weights and velocities are tied to the level of protection required for the specific facility being protected.
Ratings and Requirements by ASTM
ASTM International Designation F 2656-07 Certification Standard
ASTM has developed a Standard Test Method for Vehicle Crash Testing of Perimeter Barriers, Standard F-2656-07. This standard builds on the DoS standards and expands if for a wider range of project requirements (i.e. different vehicle sizes, additional velocities, and allowable penetration distances).
This test method provides a structured procedure to establish a penetration rating for perimeter barriers subjected to a vehicle impact. Knowing the penetration rating provides the ability to select an appropriate barrier for site-specific conditions around a facility.
The barrier penetration rating does not imply that a barrier will perform as rated in all site conditions, approach routes, and topography, Also, only single specimen tests at a specified impact location are required by this test method, and therefore, not all points of impact can be tested and validated for the penetration rating. Other impact locations may respond differently.